This paper examines sociocultural factors that influence how same-sex intimate partner violence is viewed, studied, reported and treated, with a specific focus on the effects of gender-role socialization and heterosexism. Further it summarizes the similarities and differences experienced by heterosexual and same-sex couples in order to provide a framework for understanding the unique factors that must be considered when working with this population. It also explores how gender-role socializations and heterosexism create and enforce stigmas and obstacles for validation and reporting of this abuse. The exacerbation of same-sex partner abuse by the dominant and sexual minority culture is addressed and problems that exist within the legal system are highlighted. Issues created by the power dynamics of intersecting identities race, socioeconomic status, age, disability, sexual orientation and minority stress are discussed. Suggestions for supportive legislation and implications for helping professionals are provided.
Intimate Partner Violence
Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence by Ray Harrison
It was … a frigid day in mid-January. After a long shift, I finally reached my driveway. A woman whom I loved and had a prior intimate relationship with. Everyone I knew, knew her as a part of me.
Intimate partner violence in lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, intersex and queer communities
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Domestic violence in same-sex relationships is a pattern of violence or abuse that occurs within same-sex relationships. Domestic violence is an issue that affects people of any sexuality, but there are issues that affect victims of same-sex domestic violence specifically. Studies on abuse between gay male or lesbian partners usually rely on small convenience samples such as lesbian or gay male members of an association. Some sources state that gay men and lesbian couples experience domestic violence at the same frequency as heterosexual couples,  while other sources state domestic violence among gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals might be higher than among heterosexual individuals, that gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals are less likely to report domestic violence that has occurred in their intimate relationships than heterosexual couples are, or that lesbian couples experience domestic violence less than heterosexual couples do.