Women who have used oral contraceptives may be at lower risk for ovarian and endometrial cancer. Oral contraceptives are known to be associated with a higher risk for breast cancer, but a new study in Cancer Research suggests the increased risk is small and of short duration. At the same time, researchers found that the lowered risk of ovarian and endometrial cancer is substantial and long-lasting. The analysis included health data through on , women born between and in Britain. More than 80 percent of the women had used oral contraceptives.
Birth Control Side Effects And Oral Health
Risks of Hormonal Contraception After Age 40
Oral contraceptives birth control pills are hormone-containing medications that are taken by mouth to prevent pregnancy. They prevent pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation and also by preventing sperm from penetrating through the cervix. By far the most commonly prescribed type of oral contraceptive in the United States contains synthetic versions of the natural female hormones estrogen and progesterone. This type of birth control pill is often called a combined oral contraceptive. Another type of oral contraceptive, sometimes called the mini pill, contains only progestin , which is a man-made version of progesterone. Nearly all the research on the link between oral contraceptives and cancer risk comes from observational studies , both large prospective cohort studies and population-based case—control studies.
Nausea is the most common side effect of taking a pill. Some women experience mild to moderate nausea at first but the symptoms usually subside after months. To avoid nausea, take the pill after having dinner or before bedtime. If nausea hangs on, make an appointment to see your doctor. Contraceptive pill may cause your breasts to become sore and tender due to the hormones present in them.
The combined oral contraceptive pill COCP , often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as " the pill ", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women. It includes a combination of an estrogen usually ethinylestradiol and a progestogen specifically a progestin. When taken correctly, it alters the menstrual cycle to eliminate ovulation and prevent pregnancy. They were first approved for contraceptive use in the United States in , and are a very popular form of birth control.